Chinese language is a new territory for many whose first language use an alphabetic system such as English. Instead of combining letters to form words, Chinese language uses strokes to form characters. The commonly used Chinese characters alone contain 3000 approach. Not only that, Chinese is also a tonal language with four different tones, commonly marked with accent marks, and when unmarked represents the neutral tone. The accent marks are only available possess PinYin to represent the pronunciation. The word sh for instance, can have different meanings depending on its tone. The first tone sh can mean poetry or wet or teacher. The second tone sh can mean ten or time or genuine. The third tone sh can mean history or to start or to cause. Lastly tone sh can mean yes or room or matter. In essence, couple options many similar sounds unique meanings. As a few fact, a Chinese linguist in the 20th century Zhao Yuanren composed a 10-line classical Chinese poem using only the sound shi.
Next, it is not always possible to guess the pronunciation of a design. The character for wood, for instance, is pronounced mu. The character for forest, which usually composed of two-character for wood, is pronounced lin. Although in this example the pronunciation can not related, the concise explaination of the characters would be able to. On the contrary, when the pronunciation can be related due to similar root character, the meanings are not necessarily related.
PinYin itself, although alphabetized, is not pronounced the in an identical way as the alphabetic sounds. There are unfamiliar sounds with regard to u with an umlaut () that sounds like a plan of I and u. Like things unfamiliar, it can cause uncertainty and fearfulness. Thus, knowing the challenges learners face is the most important step in devising effective learning strategies that directly affect their language becoming successful.
The Strategies Once Learn Chinese Characters
Prof Ko-Yin Sung of Chinese Language Study from Utah State university conducted a research amongst non-heritage, non-Asian Eastern learners and uncovered interesting results may help future learners in forming a helpful study tactic. Her study revolves around the most frequently used Chinese character learning strategies and how those strategies affect the learners’ ability in understanding and producing the sound and the writing on the Chinese emails.
The study finds that among leading twenty most often used strategies, eight of them are springing out of when a personality is first introduced to learners. These include:
1. Repeating the character several times aloud or silently.
2. Writing the character down.
3. Noting how the is utilized for context.
4. Noting the tone and associating it with pinyin.
5. Observing the character and stroke order.
6. Visualising the figure.
7. Experiencing the explanation of the character.
8. Associating the character with previously learned nature.
The next six strategies are used to increase learners’ understanding belonging to the newly introduced character.
9. Converting the character into native language and finding a similar.
10. Looking in the textbook or dictionary.
11. Checking if the actual character has been used early.
12. Finding out how they are used in conversation.
13. While using character in sentences orally.
14. Asking how the character could provide in content.
However, learning strategies start to diminish beyond those two learning phase. There are only three strategies used in memorising newly learned avatar.
15. Saying and writing the character at the same time.
16. Saying and picturing the character hello in mandarin chinese your head.
17. Given the sound, visualising the character shape and meaning.
And tend to be : only one strategy discovered practising new characters.
18. Making sentences and writing them out.
And new characters are reviewed with these two strategies only.
19. Writing the characters many occasions when.
20. Reading over notes, example sentences and the textbook.
Of the twenty strategies mentioned above, four are simply just to be most significant in increasing learner’s skills of speaking, listening, reading, and writing of the actual characters. Some strategies are:
Writing the characters down
Observing the stroke order
Making association with a similar character
Saying and writing the character repeatedly
A research by Stice in 1987 showed that students only retained 10% of what ever learned from what they read, 26% from what they hear, and 30% from what they see. When studying modes are combined, an essential improvement in mastering retention is noted. Learning retention jumped to 50% when seeing and hearing are combined, and even higher at 70% when students say the materials these kind of are learning, and learning retention is at the highest at 90% when students say the materials these kinds of are learning as they do a single. Simply reading the characters aren’t enough. Learners must associate the sound with the characters, create a connection with the characters to make them memorable, and practice recalling the newly learned characters.
Study means that recalling new characters learned improves learning retention and reinforces getting to grips with. One way learn the correct this will be by using an app for instance The Intelligent Flashcards. This specific unit flashcard app is intended for the New Practical Chinese Reader textbooks, making it convenient to review characters based on chapters. Not necessarily does it show stroke order animation, it one other accompanied by native speaker sound files, making this app a great dea of more convenient that another app with regard to Anki. With Anki, although user can also add personal notes on it, the sound file is not available and must be imported through another app.
Another important learning method to incorporate is observing how the characters tend to be in circumstance. This can finished by observing real-life conversations to add to the textbook and audio files conversation. The time interesting to note that pupils studied in the abovementioned research were not wanting to adopt the educational strategies recommended by the instructors, because watching Chinese TV shows or listening Chinese popular music. There could be many reasons that generate this. The fashion of the shows or songs can not appeal to your learners.
Use of this program is not only convenient. And even if the shows could possibly be accessed online, rarely draught beer subtitled in either both Chinese and English which would make the shows more necessary to beginner learners in having the language. Also, most on the very popular Chinese Tv programs fall in the historical genre, which is a favourite on the list of Chinese, regarding The Empress of Asia. However, the language spoken in this particular type of TV show is somewhat more complex than the contemporary spoken Chinese.